English Pronunciation | Minimal Pairs F and V, L and R

この記事では、当サイトのYouTube動画「English Pronunciation | Minimal Pairs F and V, L and R」のトランスクリプト及び日本語訳を公開します。

YouTube Video

Title: English Pronunciation | Minimal Pairs F and V, L and R

Video Transcript

Hello. My name is Lacey and I am your English Teacher for today! Welcome to the Eigo Love Youtube Channel. Today we are going to work on the difference between F and V pronunciation using minimal pairs.

First, let me start off by explaining the position of my mouth when I am pronouncing both of these sounds.

How to pronounce F and V

[Playback Position:46sec]

Both sounds have the same mouth positions. Use your upper teeth and lightly place them on top of your lower lip. The key difference is the use of air and voice. The F sound only uses air. The V sound, on the other hand, uses your voice.

So if you put your hand on your throat, during the f, you should not feel a vibration. With the v, you will feel a vibration. Did you get it?

Minimal Pairs F and V

[Playback Position:1min 43sec]

Let’s practice by using minimal pairs. Minimal pairs are words that sound very similar, but in this case, they differ by the f and v sound. We will start off with easier words and slowly begin practicing more difficult words.

Are you ready?
Repeat after me.

[Minimal pairs]
Fat Vat
Ferry Very
Fan Van
Fee V
Fast Vast
Fine Vine
Leaf Leave
Half Have
Safe Save
Life Live
Belief Believe

How did you do?

At first, it might be a little difficult, but don’t give up. Work on listening and distinguishing the difference first. From then, continue to practice your pronunciation.

Before we finish, let’s check the sound one more time.

F.
V.

Can you feel the difference?

How to pronounce L and R

[Playback Position:4min 00sec]

First, let me start off by explaining the position of my mouth when I am pronouncing both of the sounds.

First the R sound. When I pronounce the R, my tongue stays in the bottom of my mouth. It will not touch the roof of my mouth. This is very important.

R.
R.
R.

The L sound on the other hand, uses the tongue. The tongue is very active and will go to the top of the mouth. What’s important is to not curl your tongue. So to find the best position, first stick your tongue out.

And slowly pull it back to where it’s just right behind your teeth. This is the perfect position to say your L, like my name Lacey.

Lacey. L.

Perfect.

I have noticed that the R sound tends to be more difficult for many speakers, but don’t give up.

Minimal Pairs L and R

[Playback Position:5min 9sec]

Let’s practice by using minimal pairs. Minimal pairs are words that sound very similar, but in this case, they differ by the r and l sound. We will start off with easier words and slowly begin practicing more difficult words.

Please repeat after me.

[Minimal pairs]
Lip Rip
Loss Ross
Lack Rack
Lain Rain
Leaf Reef
Lock Rock
Clown Crown
Flee Free
Play Pray
Lake Rake
Lather Rather

Good job. At first, it might be a little difficult, but don’t give up. Work on listening and distinguishing the difference between both R and L. Listening and distinguishing is the first step. Then continue to practice your pronunciation. I recommend watching this video several times (so that you can ***) so that you can continue to improve your pronunciation. Before this video is over, I want to double check our R and L position one more time.
Make sure (your) for your R that your tongue is very still. R. R.
And for your L, your tongue is active. L L.
How did you do?

Thank you for watching

[Playback Position:8min 16sec]

Thank you for watching this video. I hope it that it helps. This is a practice I do with many of my private students.

If you like this video, please give it a thumbs up. And if you want more of my English videos, please subscribe down below. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them in the comments section below. And, until next time, goodbye!

Japanese translation

Hello. My name is Lacey and I am your English Teacher for today! Welcome to the Eigo Love Youtube Channel.
Today we are going to work on the difference between F and V pronunciation using minimal pairs.

みなさん、こんにちは!私は今日担当する英語教師のレイシーです。Eigo Loveユーチューブチャンネルへようこそ。
今日は、ミニマル・ペアを使って、FとVの発音の違いについて取り組みます。

[補足説明]minimal pairs(ミニマル・ペア)とは、大まかに説明すると、1つの音韻要素のみが異なり、且つ、それぞれ異なる意味を持っている単語のペアのことです。

First, let me start off by explaining the position of my mouth when I am pronouncing both of these sounds.

まず初めに、これら(FとV)の両方の音を発音しているときの、口の位置の説明から始めましょう。

How to pronounce F and V

[Playback Position:46sec]

Both sounds have the same mouth positions. Use your upper teeth and lightly place them on top of your lower lip.
The key difference is the use of air and voice. The F sound only uses air. The V sound, on the other hand, uses your voice.

両方の音声の、口の位置は同じです。上歯を使い、下唇の上に軽く置きます。
主な違いは、空気と音声の使用です。Fの発音は空気(の音)のみを使います。一方、Vの発音は音声を使います。

So if you put your hand on your throat, during the F, you should not feel a vibration. With the V, you will feel a vibration. Did you get it?

だから喉に手をあてたら、Fの発音の間は、振動は感じないでしょう。Vの発音の間は、振動を感じるでしょう。わかりましたか?

Minimal Pairs F and V

[Playback Position:1min 43sec]

Let’s practice by using minimal pairs. Minimal pairs are words that sound very similar, but in this case, they differ by the F and V sound.
We will start off with easier words and slowly begin practicing more difficult words.

ミニマル・ペアを使って練習しましょう。ミニマル・ペアは、音声がとても似ている単語(のペア)です。しかし今回の場合は、それら(ペアの単語)はFとVの音が異なります。
簡単な単語から始めて、その後ゆっくりと難しい単語の練習を取りかかります。

Are you ready?
Repeat after me.

準備はいいですか?
私の後に繰り返してください。

[Minimal pairs]
Fat Vat
Ferry Very
Fan Van
Fee V
Fast Vast
Fine Vine
Leaf Leave
Half Have
Safe Save
Life Live
Belief Believe

How did you do?
どうでしたか?

At first, it might be a little difficult, but don’t give up. Work on listening and distinguishing the difference first. From then, continue to practice your pronunciation.

最初は少し難しいかもしれませんが、あきらめないでください。最初に違いを聞いて区別することに取り組みます。それから、発音の練習を続けます。

Before we finish, let’s check the sound one more time.

(FとVの発音レッスンを)終わる前に、もう一度音声を確認してみましょう。

F.
V.

Can you feel the difference?

違いがわかりますか?

How to pronounce L and R

[Playback Position:4min 00sec]

First, let me start off by explaining the position of my mouth when I am pronouncing both of the sounds.
First the R sound. When I pronounce the R, my tongue stays in the bottom of my mouth. It will not touch the roof of my mouth. This is very important. R. R. R.

まず初めに、両方の音を発音しているときの、口の位置の説明から始めましょう。
最初にRの音声から。Rを発音するとき、舌は口の底に留まります。舌は 上あご に触れません。これはとても重要です。

The L sound, on the other hand, uses the tongue. The tongue is very active and will go to the top of the mouth. What’s important is to not curl your tongue.

一方、Lの音声は舌を使います。舌は非常に機能し、口の上部に動きます。(Lの発音で)重要なのは舌を丸めないことです。

So to find the best position, first stick your tongue out. And slowly pull it back to where it’s just right behind your teeth.
This is the perfect position to say your L, like my name Lacey. Lacey. L.

したがって、最適な位置を見つけるには、まず舌を突き出します。そして、ゆっくりと後ろに引っ張って、歯のすぐ後ろに置きます。
これは、Lの発音に最適な位置です。私の名前の レイシー のLのように。

Perfect.
パーフェクト

I have noticed that the R sound tends to be more difficult for many speakers, but don’t give up.

多くの話し手にとって、Rの発音はより難しい傾向があることに気づきました。

Minimal Pairs L and R

[Playback Position:5min 9sec]

Let’s practice by using minimal pairs. Minimal pairs are words that sound very similar, but in this case, they differ by the r and l sound.
We will start off with easier words and slowly begin practicing more difficult words.

ミニマル・ペアを使って練習しましょう。ミニマル・ペアは、音声がとても似ている単語(のペア)です。しかし今回の場合は、それら(ペアの単語)はFとVの音が異なります。
簡単な単語から始めて、その後ゆっくりと難しい単語の練習を取りかかります。

Please repeat after me.
私の後に繰り返してください。

[Minimal pairs]
Lip Rip
Loss Ross
Lack Rack
Lain Rain
Leaf Reef
Lock Rock
Clown Crown
Flee Free
Play Pray
Lake Rake
Lather Rather

Good job.
グッジョブ!

At first, it might be a little difficult, but don’t give up. Work on listening and distinguishing the difference between both R and L.
Listening and distinguishing is the first step. Then continue to practice your pronunciation.

最初は少し難しいかもしれませんが、あきらめないでください。RとLの違いを聞いて区別することに取り組みます。
聞いて区別することが最初のステップです。それから、発音の練習を続けます。

I recommend watching this video several times (so that you can ***) so that you can continue to improve your pronunciation. Before this video is over, I want to double check our R and L position one more time.

あなたが発音を改善し続けることができるように、このビデオを数回見ることをお勧めします。この動画が終わる前に、RとLの位置をもう一度確認します。

Make sure (your) for your R that your tongue is very still. R. R. And for your L, your tongue is active. L L.

Rの発音では、あなたの舌は静止していることを確認してください。Lの発音では、舌は機能しています。

How did you do?
どうでしたか?

Thank you for watching

[Playback Position:8min 16sec]

Thank you for watching this video. I hope it that it helps. This is a practice I do with many of my private students.

この動画を見てくれてありがとうございます。この動画が役に立つことを期待します。これはプライベートレッスンでの多くの生徒と行う練習です。

If you like this video, please give it a thumbs up. And if you want more of my English videos, please subscribe down below. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them in the comments section below. And, until next time, goodbye!

この動画を気に入ってくれたら、いいねしてくださいね!そして私の動画をもっとご覧になりたい場合は、チャンネル登録をお願いします。何か質問やコメントがあれば下の方のコメント欄にメッセージを残してください。次回またお会いしましょう。